NFTs: Non Fungible Tokens Explained

By Aleksandra Wilson
5 min read December 16, 2021

We know that the crypto world is growing fast, and sometimes it’s hard to keep up with every new thing that comes out. The crypto space doesn’t have to be something scary; on the contrary, it can be fascinating. After all, if you’re reading about it, you must be curious, so let Cryptodigest be your guide through the ever-changing and exciting crypto space. Today we’ll be exploring NFTs.

NFTs or non-fungible tokens are digital goods that can represent intangible and tangible items, and that’s what makes them unique. These cryptographically individual assets can be linked to digital content to prove ownership of such. The array of goods they can be linked to include digital collectibles, artwork, music, and even some items in video games

The number of digital goods and their classification keep multiplying by the day as blockchain and cryptographic technology evolves. Currently, NFTs (non-fungible tokens) are one of the sectors in the industry that is overgrowing. In the article bellow we’ll explain what NFTs are, their use, and how they work in simple terms.

What are NFTs Exactly?

Non-fungible tokens are digital goods containing information stored in smart contracts. That information makes NFTs so special, and each of them unique. Their features make them directly irreplaceable by another token. As two non-fungible tokens are not the same, you can’t swap them like for like. On the other hand, you can exchange banknotes one for another; as long as they possess the same value, there is no difference for the holder.

Another example of fungible tokens is Bitcoin. Someone can send you one Bitcoin, and you can send one back. As a result, you will still have one BTC. Of course, there’s always the risk of change in value while executing the transaction, but the principle remains. Another characteristic of fungible tokens is their divisibility; for example, you can receive or send smaller amounts of BTC.

Usually, NFTs cannot be divisible. Just like it’s not possible to send someone only a part of a concert ticket since only a part of it wouldn’t have worth by itself. However, recently there have been some attempts to experiment with fractionating NFTs, although it’s still at an early stage.

What Is so Special about Non-Fungible Tokens?

The trading volume for non-fungible tokens escalated to $10.67 billion in the third quarter of 2021 alone, representing a growth of 700% from the second quarter. The tokens can be linked to an asset to prove ownership of digital goods. 

Unlike fungible tokens, each of them is unique, which is their main appeal. They don’t have the exact attributes, so their value can’t be the same. Last March, a digital artist sold an NFT collage of his work for no less than $69 million. 

How to Use NFTs?

Non-fungible tokens can be used to differentiate digital assets from each other to prove their scarcity or value. NFTs can represent artwork, virtual land parcels, and even ownership licenses. 

You can sell and buy them NFTs marketplaces like Rarible or OpenSea, and recently even in crypto exchanges like Binance. 

Non-fungible tokens and their contracts enable more detailed attributes, such as rich metadata, the owner’s identity, or secure file links. That is a huge step towards progress in the digital space. Although to create a standard, a unification of protocols and interoperability must exist.

DeFi and NFTs

One of the latest examples of how to use these tokens in DeFi is Aavegotchi, a startup funded with DeFi money. Aavegotchis are crypto-collectibles created to be used in a game universe. As collateral, each Aavegotchi has Aave’s aTokens inside, which means that each one can generate yield on Aave. As soon as the owner liquidates the Aavegotchi, it disappears.

Latest News

In 2021 we witnessed an explosion of the NFT universe, especially in the growth of trading volume. Compared to last year we can see that it increased over 38,000%. In August 2021, OpenSea, an NFT marketplace, reported a trading volume of more than $75 million just in a day, which is more than their whole trading volume in 2020.

Big money came with big names, as celebrities and artists worldwide joined the enthusiasm that follows NFTs. Some of them are rapper Snoop Dogg, Tom Brady, Mila Kunis, and Ashton Kutcher, to mention a few.

What the Future Holds

It comes as no surprise that token has such a broad potential with the many applications it supports. NFTs can be proof of copyright, ticketing, intellectual property, and video games trading, movies, and music. They also can create security tokens and the tokenization of tangible and digital world assets. 

On top of this, NFTs could also be the certification for qualifications, like warranties, software licensing, and even birth certificates. At this rate, maybe one day, our digital wallets may store proof of every license, certification, and asset that we own; and like we said before, doesn’t the future sound exciting?

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